Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. They substitute for nouns to make speech and writing less cumbersome by using a single word (the pronoun) to represent much longer passages and ideas.
Frank thought aout uying a new car, but then he changed her mind.
There are several types of pronouns: personal, demonstrative, reflexive, intensive, interrogative, relative, and indefinite. Note that some authorities may classify possessive adjectives, demonstrative pronouns, relative pronouns, indefinite pronouns (or quantifiers) as determiners and not pronouns.
There are three classes of personal pronouns- subjective, objective, and possessive.
Subjective pronouns are those that are the subjects of a sentence. The subjective pronouns are:
Singular I you he she it
Plural we they you
I work in LA. They came to America in 1990.
Objective pronouns are those that are objects in a sentence. The objective pronouns are:
Singular me you him her it
Plural us them you
Please lend the money to me Why did dad give the paiting to her?
Possessive pronouns are words that indicate ownership. The possessive nouns are:
Singular mine yours his hers its
Plural ours theirs yours
The CD’s on the table are mine.
Those children are ours.
The demonstrative pronouns are this, that, these, and those. The demonstrative pronouns point out
nouns, which by their very use indicate or demonstrate what is being talked about.
What is this? That is a tea kettle.
Do not move these? Those are not yours.
Reflexive pronouns indicate that the subject receives the action of the verb. The reflexive pronouns are:
Singular myself himself herself yourself itself
Plural themselves ourselves yourselves
Larry accidently hit himself in the head.
The students shouldn’t have laughed at the teacher, but couldn’t stop themselves.
The intensive pronouns are the sam as the reflexive pronouns, but emphasize nouns or pronoun they refer too. The intensive pronouns immediately follow the noun they emphasize. If an intensive pronoun is omitted, the sentence will still make sense grammatically. The intensive pronouns are:
Singular myself yourself himself herself itself
Plural ourselves yourselves themselves
She can’t do it herself. (she emphasizes herself)
The doctors themselves understood the importance of the new health care law.
Interrogative pronouns introduce questions. The interrogative pronouns include:
which what who whom whose
whoever whatever whichever
Which toaster should we buy?
Whose money is that?
Relative pronouns are used to connect or relate a dependent clause to an independent
clause. Relative pronouns are found in adjective clauses or noun clauses. The relative pronouns are:
that which what
who whose whom
The tickets that I bought for the concert were expensive. (dependent clause underlined)
Mr. Johnson knows a local who has a yacht.
Indefinite pronouns are noun substitutes that are not definite in meaning. The most common indefinite pronouns are listed below.
Anybody: no matter what person
XXXAnyone can audition for the play.
Anything: no matter what thing
XXXCan we do anything to help?
Everyone: all people
XXXEveryone should exit by the rear door.
Everything: all things
XXXEverything in the house was distroyed in the fire.
Somebody: an unspecified or unknown person
XXXSomebody should call 911.
Something: an unspecified or unknown thing
XXXSomething bit we when I was swimming in the sea..
Nothing: no single thing, not anything
XXXNothing can be sone about it.
Each: every one of two or more people or things, seen separately
XXXEach student in the school has to the exam.
One: an unidentified person
XXXOne should never be rude to policemen.
Both: two people or things, seen together
XXXThe cars were red and blue and both were Porsches.
Few: a small number of people or things
XXXMany people are millionaires, but few are billionaires.
Several: more than two but not many
XXXMany of the students in the school were infected, and several had to be hospitalized
For more information about pronouns and their use take a look at
An explanation of pronouns and the types of pronouns– www.understandinggrammar.com