Adjectives are words that describe nouns and pronouns by providing more information about the nouns they describe. Adjectives also modify or limit nouns by making it clearer which one or how many are being talked about.

Adjectives are usually placed before (but can be placed after) the nouns they modify. They can also be placed after the verb.

Elliot’s new computer was very expensive.

Comparative and Superlative

Adjectives have different forms, called comparatives and superlatives. The comparative is used to indicate relative degrees or differences of quality between two objects. The superlative is used to indicate the highest or lowest degree of quality between objects.

Adjective          Comparative       Superlative

old                      older                            the oldest
wise                   wiser                             the wisest
early                   earlier                           the earliest
thin                     thinner                          the thinest
good                  better                            the best
beautiful           more beautiful               most beautiful

Possessive Adjectives

A possessive adjective describes nouns by telling us who the noun belongs to. A possessive adjective always precedes the noun.

That is his motorcycle.

Demonstrative Adjectives

The demonstrative adjectives are: this, that, these, those. Demonstrative adjectives always precede the noun they modify.

Mary needs these documents.

Nouns as Adjectives

Sometimes nouns can act as adjectives. Here are some examples.

Mr. Smith recieved a box of golf balls for his birthday.


For more information about adjectives and their used take a look at

The Basics of English Grammar

Other links for Adjectives
Definition of Adjective
List of Adjectives

An explanation of adjectives, including the kinds of adjectives and the comparative and superlative–